Minecraft Automatic Farm Guide (Updated 2022)

Automated farms in Minecraft simplify your life by creating blocks, items (especially food), and experience. These farms can either be fully automated (plant, harvest and store items), or semi-automatic depending on their design. It is a smart idea to automate repetitive tasks to give you more time for other activities.

Minecraft has seen many updates over the years that have improved how you can design your farms. Blocks such as observers have made Minecraft a lot easier and allowed for more automation. Redstone signals can be sent to harvesters by observers, which detect the growth of crops. has more information about observers.

This guide will cover the most common and popular designs for automatic farms in Minecraft. It also includes information about sugar cane, eggs, wheat, and pumpkins. If it is well-received, I will add additional types of auto farms!

Semi-Automatic Wheat Farm

It is simpler to build a semi-automatic wheat farm than to plant it manually. This type of farm is manual in that seeds must be planted, but harvesting, collection, and storage of the crops can all be done automatically. This design can be used with any similar crops, such as potatoes, carrots, or beets. This design is not suitable for melons and pumpkins, as they require a different design with pistons.

It is important to create a long, narrow staircase of dirt so that water can flow down. Once the crop is fully grown, the water can be released to flood it. These crops are instantly harvested by flowing water, which pushes them to a central point for collection.

The following YouTube video will show you how to build this type of farm.

Fully Automatic Wheat Farm (Villagers).

It is possible to make a 100% automated wheat farm by using a more complex technique and villagers. This farm can also be used for similar crops such as carrots, beets and potatoes. This setup will require a greater knowledge of redstone use and a villager to manage the seed planting.

The video below shows you how to create a farm.

Automatic Egg Farm

An egg farm is one the most simple automatic farms that you can create in Minecraft. It is easy to keep chickens in a small area while collecting eggs using hoppers. A cool idea is to make a chicken coop out of wood. The floor will hold all the eggs laid in a chest underneath or beside the coop.

All you have to do to get chickens in the coop is to throw eggs into it. This will sometimes spawn chickens. You can throw eggs by clicking on an egg in your hand. It’s easy to start with a few chickens, and then toss the eggs back into the coop for more.

Carpets can be added to the hoppers to make the floor more decorative.

A chicken egg farm is an example. The chickens live in a 3×3 area with 9 hoppers on the floor. The hoppers collect every egg laid and place it in a chest.

You can also make an enclosed swimming pool for chickens. This will allow you to have a simpler farm without using hoppers. The chickens will float to the top and continue to lay eggs, which can then fall into the water. Make a hole at bottom to stop water from escaping. As the chickens lay more eggs, the water will eventually fill up with eggs.

Automatic Sugar Cane Farm

It is easy to create an automatic sugarcane farm. However, you will need some redstone. Sugar cane regrows constantly, so long as you don’t harvest the bottom blocks, you don’t need to worry about replanting.

Redstone, pistons and observers are used to harvest sugarcane. An observer block is one that sends a redstone signal to the block when a new block appears. The redstone will switch on when the sugarcane is three blocks high. This will cause the pistons to activate and cut off the second sugarcane block. The bottom block will remain intact, allowing the plant to regrow as usual.

After the sugar cane has been broken down by the pistons it falls onto the dirt. A hopper minecart will pick these up and vacuum them as it travels backwards and forwards (see photo below). You can get the minecart moving back and forth by placing it on a powered rail that is above a redstone block. You will need multiple redstone blocks to make longer builds.

This type of farm can also be used with similar crops (e.g. bamboo).

To show you how it works, I have built a sugarcane farm. Feel free to use this build in your games. The build can be extended in any direction you like and can be mirror to make it double-sided. The build shown in the photos is 4 blocks in depth, with the chest at the front.

Components by Level (Front-to-Back)

  • 1 (Top:) Glass, empty air and observers. Redstone dust/wire.
  • 2: Glass, empty, pistons, and glass
  • 3: Glass, sugar cane, glass, glass
  • 4: Glass, dirt and water, glass
  • 5: Glass, powered rails, & one minecart, glass, glass
  • 6 (Bottom). All stone except for one redstone blocks under the rails and two hoppers.

Front View

A front view of an automated sugarcane farm.

Back View

View from the back of an automated sugarcane farm

Automatic Pumpkin & Melon Farm

Because they grow horizontally from a grapevine, pumpkins and melons are different than other crops and don’t need replanting. These crops are also “solid blocks”, which you can’t walk through, which is another distinction from crops like sugar cane or wheat.

You will need pistons, redstone, and observers to build an automated pumpkin or melon farm in Minecraft.

YouTube has a great video that explains how to build such a farm. It is located below.

This detailed MinecraftWiki article provides more information about automatic pumpkin and melon farming in Minecraft.

And that’s all for now! If you have any suggestions for other automatic farms I should add to this page, feel free to add a comment below.

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